Skip to content
Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology
ITS Joint Program Office

Application Areas

Toll/Fee Collection


This field-to-vehicle application area covers the interface between a toll collection or parking facility and a vehicle for the purpose of electronic toll or fee collection. The interface supports a number of operational concepts ranging from the infrastructure simply reading the vehicle tag ID to more complex read/write scenarios. The vehicle tags are read and possibly updated electronically via dedicated short-range communication between the field equipment and the vehicle. The population of toll tags and roadside readers that these systems utilize can also be used to collect traffic data for highway authorities. This data can be collected as a natural by-product of the toll collection process or collected by separate readers that are dedicated to probe data collection.
This graphic shows the scope of the Field to Vehicle Toll/Fee Collection application area.  This scope is described in the preceding text.
National ITS Architecture Interface
This application area includes the dedicated short range communications interface between the Vehicle Subsystem and the Toll Collection and Parking Management Subsystems and is used for electronic toll and parking fee collection. The interface between the Vehicle Subsystem and Toll Collection Subsystem can be as simple as a reader electronically reading the vehicle's tag id and billing the user or debiting the user account off-line, or as complex as interacting with the tag, debiting the tag directly, and storing the new amount on the tag. A similar exchange of information occurs between a Parking Management Subsystem and a Vehicle Subsystem's parking tag, except fees are debited for parking lot charges based upon the time the vehicle entered the lot.

Applicable Standards

In general, the following standards are applicable to Toll/Fee Collection deployments. To determine which specific standards are applicable for a deployment you will need to determine which architecture flows will be needed for the Toll/Fee Collection piece of your deployment. Contact your local FHWA ITS Division Specialist or an ITS Standards Program Field Support Team contact

Standard Development Status
ASTM E2213-03 Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems - 5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications; Published
IEEE 1609.2-2016 Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments - Security Services for Applications and Management Messages; Published
IEEE 1609.3-2016 Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) - Networking Services; Published
IEEE 1609.4-2016 Standard for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) - Multi-Channel Operation; Published
Deployment Resources
Deployment resources can be found in the deployment resources section.
  • DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) Standards Advisory